Volume 4, Issue 1, June 2020, Page: 1-6
Evaluation of CD4 Cell Progression Among HIV Infected Children Initiating ART: A Case of Adama Referral Hospital and Medical College, Ethiopia
Tayu Nigusie Abebe, Department of Statistics, Bule Hora University, Bule Hora, Ethiopia
Received: Dec. 12, 2019;       Accepted: Dec. 23, 2019;       Published: Apr. 8, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.plm.20200401.11      View  277      Downloads  46
Human immune deficiency virus (HIV) is a major cause of infant and childhood mortality and morbidity; without treatment about 50% of them will succumb to HIV/AIDS before the age of two years. HIV infected children should start ART in order to reduce AIDS related morbidity and mortality, or to improve their survival time. Effective therapies and reduced AIDS related morbidity and mortality have shifted the focus in pediatric human immune deficiency virus (HIV) from minimizing short-term disease progression to maintaining optimal long-term health. The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the predictors of longitudinal CD4 cell progression of HIV infected children who were under ART. The study considered a cohort of 201 HIV infected children who were aged 15 years or younger and those were on ART from October 1, 2013 to March 30, 2017 at Adama Referral Hospital and Medical College. To analyze the data we employed exploratory data analysis and linear mixed effect model. The result from linear mixed effect model reviled that observation time, age, WHO clinical stage, history of TB, and functional status had significantly associated with mean change in the square root of CD4 cell count, and they are the predictor of longitudinal CD4 cell change.
CD4 Cell Count, HIV/AIDS, Linear Mixed Effect Model
To cite this article
Tayu Nigusie Abebe, Evaluation of CD4 Cell Progression Among HIV Infected Children Initiating ART: A Case of Adama Referral Hospital and Medical College, Ethiopia, Pathology and Laboratory Medicine. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2020, pp. 1-6. doi: 10.11648/j.plm.20200401.11
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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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