Volume 2, Issue 1, June 2018, Page: 25-29
Epidemiology of Amoebas in Marrakech (Morocco): Experience of Parasitology Service from the Military Hospital Avicenne
Mouayche Ikhlas, Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Military Hospital Avicenne Marrakech, Faculty of medicine and Pharmacy, Marrakech, Morocco
Moutaj Redouane, Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Military Hospital Avicenne Marrakech, Faculty of medicine and Pharmacy, Marrakech, Morocco
El Mezouari El Mostafa, Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Military Hospital Avicenne Marrakech, Faculty of medicine and Pharmacy, Marrakech, Morocco
Received: Aug. 15, 2018;       Accepted: Sep. 5, 2018;       Published: Sep. 27, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.plm.20180201.15      View  251      Downloads  12
Abstract
Amoebiasis is the third leading cause of parasite mortality and morbidity worldwide and still remains a serious public health problem today. In order to determine the epidemiological profile of amoebae and intestinal amoebiasis in the population of Marrakech. This is a prospective study on the results of parasitological examinations of stool (EPS) performed in adults and children in the department of Parasitology Mycology at the Military Hospital Avicenne (HMA) of Marrakech over a period of two months from 1 May 2018 to 30 June 2018. 70 parasitological examinations of stool (EPS) were performed. Of the 38 positive samples 71.05% were male with a sex M / F ratio of 2.08. Each patient received at least one EPS, including fresh reading, after Lugol staining, and finally after concentration by the Willis and Ritchie technique. Among the parasites encountered, after identification of the species, the percentage of Blastocystis hominis is 45.76% followed by Entamoeba coli 35.59%, followed by Chilomastix mesnili 10.17% then Entamoeba histolytica histolytica and Entamoeba histolytica minuta, the latter having the same proportion 3.39% and in late Giardia intestinalis with a low proportion of 1.69%. Amoeba remains, even today, a real public health problem. For example, broadening the scope of these studies by similar surveys focusing on the rural environment would be desirable.
Keywords
Amoebae, Entamoeba Histolytica, Entamoeba Dispar, Intestinal Amebiasis, Hygiene, Morocco
To cite this article
Mouayche Ikhlas, Moutaj Redouane, El Mezouari El Mostafa, Epidemiology of Amoebas in Marrakech (Morocco): Experience of Parasitology Service from the Military Hospital Avicenne, Pathology and Laboratory Medicine. Vol. 2, No. 1, 2018, pp. 25-29. doi: 10.11648/j.plm.20180201.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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