Volume 2, Issue 1, June 2018, Page: 5-14
Abo Blood Variants of Selected Babcock University Students and Their Link with Malaria Parasitaemia
Otajevwo Festus Dafinone, Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Babcock University, Ilishan Remo, Nigeria
Owodunni Olasope Mumeen, Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Babcock University, Ilishan Remo, Nigeria
Received: Mar. 16, 2017;       Accepted: Apr. 28, 2017;       Published: May 9, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.plm.20180201.12      View  662      Downloads  24
Abstract
Five milliliters (5ml) of venous whole blood was collected from one hundred and eighty three students made up of 93(50.8%) male and 90(49.2%) female students of Babcock University, Ilishan Remo randomly selected across various Departments. Whole blood samples were dispensed into sequestrinized (EDTA anticoagulated) blood containers, properly mixed and labeled. Malaria Plasmodium falciparum parasite screening was done semi-quantitatively by Field stain A and B staining. ABO blood phenotyping was carried out with monoclonal Antisera A, B and D. A total of 169 (92.3%) and 14(7.7%) students were rhesus positive and negative respectively of which 92(54.4%) and 77(45.6%) samples were rhesus positive male and female students respectively and of which 1(7.1%) and 13(92.9%) students were rhesus negative male and female students respectively. One hundred and thirty five (73.8%), 36(19.7%) and 12(6.5%) of the sampled student population belonged to 17-20, 21-24 and 25-30yr age brackets respectively. One hundred and ten (60.1%), 38(20.8%), 29(15.9%) and 6(3.3%) students were of O, A, B and AB blood phenotypes respectively. Out of the 183 blood samples obtained from 93 (50.8%) and 90(49.2%) male and female students respectively, 126(68.9%) students were infected with P. falciparum malaria parasites. More males were infected than females and were significantly associated with malaria infection (X2 0.05, 1 =3.841, Cal. X2 =25.253, P˂0.05). Also, out of the 68.9% infected students, 47(37.3%) and 79(62.7%) had severe and non-severe forms of malaria infection respectively. Severe malaria frequency occurrences were 85.0%, 70.6%, 50.0% and 50.0% for blood types A, O, B and AB respectively while non-severe malaria frequency occurrences were 83.3%, 75.0%, 65.8% and 57.9% with respect to blood types A, AB O and B respectively. ABO blood types especially type A were significantly associated with severe form of P. falciparum malaria infection (X20.05, 3=7.815, X20.01, 3=11.350, Cal. X2 =284.601 and P˂0.05, P˂0.01). ABO blood types were also significantly associated with non-severe form of malaria especially type A (Cal. X2 =230.768 and hence, P˂0.05, P˂0.01). Implications of rising trend of rhesus negative factor in female students, population variations in association with ABO blood types and malaria parasitaemia are discussed.
Keywords
ABO Variants, Link, Malaria Infection, Students, University
To cite this article
Otajevwo Festus Dafinone, Owodunni Olasope Mumeen, Abo Blood Variants of Selected Babcock University Students and Their Link with Malaria Parasitaemia, Pathology and Laboratory Medicine. Vol. 2, No. 1, 2018, pp. 5-14. doi: 10.11648/j.plm.20180201.12
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Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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