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Assessment of Utilization of Personal Protective Measures of COVID-19 and Associated Factors in Addis-Ababa

Introduction: Globally, as of May 11, 2021, there have been over 158 million confirmed cases including over 3 million deaths, including the African continent, which is highly impacted. Ethiopia, the second-most populous African country, reported its first case on 13 March 2020 and has now reached over 260,000 confirmed cases and 3,888 deaths. The country has the 4th highest number of COVID-19 confirmed cases on the African continent and has the highest death rate among East African countries. Most of the cases in Ethiopia were from Addis Ababa, the capital city, with a projected population of over four million. Method: The study used descriptive, cross-sectional study design using community based approaches as appropriate as possible to address the specific objectives. The quantitative data was collected using interviewer administered structured questionnaire. Using stratified sampling techniques a total of 634 participants were selected from each stratum. In each stratum a systematic random sampling techniques were applied. Result: About 74.3% study participants reported daily face mask utilization while 12.2% of the study participants used face masks occasionally. Utilization of face masks is highest (79%) among private employees followed by daily laborers (76%) and unemployed people (72%) while lowest utilization of face masks was observed among Government employees (58.8%). In this study the odds of face mask utilization among participants whose age 30-39 years is 0.446 (AOR=0.446, CI: 0.22, 0.91) times less likely compared to those participants who were in the age range of 60 and above. The odds of face mask utilization among daily laborers is 0.33 (AOR=0.33, CI: 0.16, 0.67) times less likely compared to Government employees. With regard to educational status, the odds of sanitizer utilization among uneducated participants were 4.831 (AOR=CI: 2.18, 10.708) times more likely compared to those participants who are degree holders and above. Conclusion: Utilization of face masks is highest (79%) among private employees followed by daily laborers (76%) and unemployed people (72%) while lowest utilization of face masks was observed among Government employees (58.8%).

Utilization, COVID-19 Prevention Control Measures, Associated Factors

APA Style

Getachew Weldeyohannes, Ephrem Mamo, Aman Yesuf, Alemu Kibret. (2022). Assessment of Utilization of Personal Protective Measures of COVID-19 and Associated Factors in Addis-Ababa. Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, 6(2), 21-29. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.plm.20220602.12

ACS Style

Getachew Weldeyohannes; Ephrem Mamo; Aman Yesuf; Alemu Kibret. Assessment of Utilization of Personal Protective Measures of COVID-19 and Associated Factors in Addis-Ababa. Pathol. Lab. Med. 2022, 6(2), 21-29. doi: 10.11648/j.plm.20220602.12

AMA Style

Getachew Weldeyohannes, Ephrem Mamo, Aman Yesuf, Alemu Kibret. Assessment of Utilization of Personal Protective Measures of COVID-19 and Associated Factors in Addis-Ababa. Pathol Lab Med. 2022;6(2):21-29. doi: 10.11648/j.plm.20220602.12

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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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